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LIST website - Job offers Latest job offers from Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology website. Master Student Internship in High-performance polymer filled with electro-conductive nanoparticles: influence of nanofillers structure on electrical resistivity Current space missions require the use of light materials having a high resistance to space environments as electrical charging, heat cycling, UV, vacuum, etc. To this end, polymer composite are widely used but to date, their long term stability is far from being satisfactory. One way to dissipate charging effect is to disperse electrically-conductive nanoparticles within polymer matrix. We propose to develop and characterize such a material whose originality will rely on the nanoparticle structure that can be tuned. The training will be organized into three parts: (i) State of the art and testing plan definition, (ii) Nanoparticle synthesis and characterization, and (iii) Nanocomposite processing and electrical/structural characterization. Nanoparticle synthesis and nanocomposite processing will be done by the trainee, as well as routine characterizations, while advanced characterizations will be done by specialists. At the end of each part, a report will have to be delivered and a final presentation will have to be prepared. ]]> Master Student Internship in Identification and handling of hazardous substances in construction (material) Awareness on the presence of hazardous substances in construction materials and the desire to use "healthier" construction materials is increasing, but available information is still limited to make an informed choice. The trainee would assess available information on hazardous substances in construction materials, based on a review of the current legislative framework in the EU, literature and available databases. Strategies to substitute hazardous substances with less hazardous alternatives and/or identification of decontamination and recycling technologies could be determined for a selection of substances in construction materials. The targeted outcome is an improved information basis to support the selection of construction materials with less human health and environmental risks. The trainee will learn about the application of EU chemical and products legislations to a group of products, namely construction products, and will gain a better understanding of health and environmental risks of these products.      ]]> Master Student Internship in parametric modelling applied to office building The purpose of the internship is to contribute to developing a parametric model of an existing office building enabling the adaptation of the spaces according to the changes of an organization through time (new comings and modification of the services), while maintaining the adjacency between the spaces when required.  
The trainee will be working on a configuration of a plug-in or a 3D model based on parametric modelling. The main function of this plug-in is to help the reorganisation of spaces accordingly. The internship will specifically target to: (1) the parameters affecting the office layout, and (2) the relation between the different parameters and building elements.
Integrated into the project team, the trainee will be responsible of:
  • Updating scientific and technological state-of-the-art in the parametric modelling in general
  • Defining together with the team the specifications for a demonstrator prototype, targeting the design of the building office layout adapted to the requirements related to spaces and functions
  • Implementing, deploying and testing the prototype in LIST
Master Student Internship in the Study of drought habituated cells of resurrection plants In the frame of the SMARTWALL project, on the impact of dehydration/rehydration cycle on resurrection plants, different types of analyses are required to study the proteome and the metabolome of resurrection plant cells. Undifferentiated cells have been habituated to cellulose biosynthesis inhibitors by growing them on stepwise increasing concentrations of dichlobenil and isoxaben and they will be treated with 200 mM mannitol, which mimicks drought stress. Cells will be collected and would require an in-depth analysis.
The tasks will consist in the extraction of proteins for their analysis by LC-MSMS and/or 2D DIGE. A metabolomics study will also be conducted for these samples. Furthermore, results will be compiled and analysed by bioinformatics tools. Data will be used for further publications (poster or manuscripts).     ]]>
Master Student Internship in Surface treatment and physico-chemistry LaserSTAMP project description: Combining the very specific material properties of polymers and metals enables a variety of products with tailored properties. As metals and polymers are well known and understood, the combination of both cannot be used due to missing joining knowledge.
The objective of project LaserSTAMP is to introduce a laser based thermal welding process for hybrid polymer-metal structures. Whereas successful research projects on thermal joining of polymer-metal structures have shown the general feasibility of selected material combinations, the comprehensive scientific process understanding and explanation of the joining phenomena is still missing.
The main goal of the project is to understand the physicochemical bonding phenomena. We will investigate the impact of different surface treatments. As energy source, a brilliant laser beam source will be used.
Recent results from our team emphasized the prominence of aluminum (Al) surface modification to promote the adhesion between modified Al and polyamide 6.6 (PA) after laser welding. However, further investigations are needed in order to provide relevant results when the surface chemistry of both adherents is significantly modified.
Therefore, the objective of this internship is focused on the development of thin coating deposition methods (mainly by dipping/spraying techniques) on Al. These coatings aim at promoting the adhesion between Al and PA. The surface chemistry of the coating will be chosen to develop a good adhesion with PA. Coating characterization techniques will be useful to understand the results in terms of deposition parameters and adhesion promotion, and in order to improve the adhesion promotion effect.
Depending on the progress of this study dedicated to coating deposition on Al, the same kind of investigations can be envisioned by coating the PA side for further adhesion promotion with Al. ]]>
Master Student Internship in Development of a curriculum for learning to program with Kniwwelino Your mission is to develop pedagogical instructions in paper or web-based form, supporting children to learn programming and electronics. The student will complete the following tasks:
  • Familiarize with the Kniwwelino platform and test the existing educational material
  • Perform a review on existing pedagogical material of similar platforms
  • Develop additional types of Kniwwelino educational activities, as well as explanatory material
  • Develop a curriculum to organize activities and allow a progression
  • Evaluate the proposed material with a group of children and document the results
Master Student Internship in an explorative study of possible improvement of mobility as a service by using blockchain technology Student responsibilities:
  • Providing state of the art for mobility as a service and blockchain
  • Design and develop software architecture
  • Develop a prototype solution
Master Student Internship in Visual Analytics of Large Text Collections (M/F) The internship will focus in particular on enhancing term tree visualizations available in Papyrus by investigating various term alignment strategies, inspired from state-of-the-art sequence alignment algorithms. The intern will also run user experiments to evaluate whether term alignment improves the interpretability of term trees. ]]> Master Student Internship in Personalization and Augmented Reality for a Smart City Visitor Guide The successful candidate will join the ADAPT research group, which focuses on Knowledge-based Context-Aware Adaptive Systems. She/he will integrated in the research group, working with the Group Leader and the Engineer responsible of the mobile app. The internship will take place at the premises of LIST in the “Maison de l’Innovation” situated in Esch/Alzette, Luxembourg.
In the context of a European research project (, we have developed a mobile app and web applications for the design, discovery and sharing of geo-localised points of interests (POI). The mobile app is designed like a game where users can walk from a POI to another, discovering stories about places, buildings or parts of their environment, can like or comment POIs and even create their own POIs that they can share with other users. The goal of the traineeship will be to enhance the mobile app ecosystem, so that they support 1) automated personalization features, including for example user profiling and recommendation of POIs to see or stories/comments to read; and 2) Augmented Reality features, to transform the user experience. This will be realized following an experimental approach where developed features have to be systematically evaluated in real settings with users. The user studies will be used to assess the usefulness of the new features and their impact on the user experience.
The project involves: 1) programming the new features with state of the art solutions (a small state of the art survey might be asked); 2) testing with users and leading questionnaire-based interviews to gather user feedback on user experience; and 3) analyzing the user survey to conclude on features’ usefulness and impact on user experience. ]]>
Master Student Internship: Développement d'un prototype logiciel d'aide à la planification dans le domaine de la construction (M/F)
  • la maquette numérique du bâtiment ;
  • le chantier connecté ;
  • le bâtiment intelligent.
  • Dans le cadre de l'axe relatif au chantier connecté, les travaux de recherche menés par le groupe DBEM visent à améliorer la gestion opérationnelle de chantier et portent sur différents aspects :
    • la collaboration et le management visuel pour planifier la phase de construction ;
    • la maquette numérique du bâtiment pour supporter la décision lors de la phase de construction ;
    • l’Internet of Things (IoT) pour monitorer le chantier et objectiver les décisions lors de la phase de construction.

    La coordination et le pilotage de la phase de réalisation des projets de construction est traditionnellement une source importante de difficultés. La diversité des intervenants, la multiplicité des techniques employées et la complexité grandissante des ouvrages, rendent difficile la collaboration entre les équipes en charge de leur réalisation. Initialement développé par l’industrie automobile pour améliorer la performance de ses chaines de production, le lean construction, ou « construction sans gaspillage » est une philosophie de travail dont l’objectif est de créer de la valeur pour les clients de manière durable, via l’amélioration de l’ensemble des processus d’un projet de construction.
    Parmi les méthodes employées le « Last Planner® System » ou LPS est une approche visant à fiabiliser le délai de réalisation à travers un travail systématique de planification grâce et pour les différents acteurs d’un projet. Conçue pour être collaborative, elle exige l’implication de tous les acteurs du chantier et applique les préceptes du Visual Management pour assurer la communication entre les corps de métier.  Depuis plusieurs années et au travers de cas d’étude concrets, le LIST déploie et teste cette méthode basée sur l’utilisation de post-it permettant d’identifier et de partager les tâches à réaliser, en les agençant de manière structurée sur des panneaux physiques. Conçus et positionnés de manière collaborative par l’ensemble des parties prenantes au projet, ils permettent de préciser leur granularité, d’identifier leurs pré-requis (organisationnels, humains, matériel, etc.), et de produire différents niveaux de planification pour assurer la gestion opérationnelle du chantier. Se basant sur un ensemble de scénarios de planification déployés sur un logiciel de Visual Management propriétaire gérant la couche graphique de manipulation des post-it, le travail consistera à concevoir et développer en javascript un proof of concept graphiquement similaire, mais offrant des possibilités algorithmiques supplémentaires, vecteurs d’innovation et d’améliorations fonctionnelles. A visée démonstrative, cette application permettra aux spécialistes métiers d’identifier et de tester les nouvelles fonctionnalités (traitement de données, règles métier) utiles au déroulement de la méthode, en vue de les intégrer au cahier des charges de la future release. Au sein du groupe de Recherche DBEM (Digital Build Environment Management) et en partie rattaché à l’équipe chargée des réalisations IT du Département, le stagiaire mettra à profit ses connaissances en développement full-stack intégrant plusieurs technologies. Outre l’utilisation des derniers frameworks javascript, il pourra également approfondir ses connaissances en conception d’architectures logicielles et bénéficier d’une première expérience de développement en lien direct avec des professionnels du secteur de la construction. ]]>
    Master Student Internship in Investigating the influence of land-atmosphere coupling and stomatal control on water vapour and trace gas fluxes (M/F) The exchange of water vapour and trace gases between biosphere and atmosphere occurs through turbulent transport (mixing) of these air constituents towards and away from the surface. Plants exert a major control on this exchange as the uptake of CO2 and the simultaneous release of water vapour through plant stomata (transpiration) is accompanied by uptake or emission of atmospheric trace gases, such as e.g. ozone. Evaporative water losses and the simultaneous exchange of trace gases with ecosystems are strongly determined by vegetation through the dynamic control of the surface (stomata) conductance. Meteorological conditions such as rainfall, solar radiation and vapour pressure deficit strongly influence this conductance by modulating soil moisture and atmospheric demand for water vapour. This internship aims to explore the interaction of evapotranspiration and trace gas fluxes based on existing data sets (Eddy Covariance) using modelling approaches. In this context, the influence of land-atmosphere coupling and stomatal control on the interaction between evapotranspiration and trace gas fluxes (preferably ozone deposition) will be investigated. ]]> Master Student Internship in Inkjet Printing of Transparent Piezoelectrics (M/F) Trainee will use the existing knowledge on inkjet printing of piezoelectrics on silicon and perform it on alternative substrates. The work will consist of the following steps:
    • synthesis of the inks (based on chemical solution deposition);
    • inkjet printing (jetting of the inks, control of interaction of the inks with the substrate, crystallization at high temperatures);
    • microstructural and electromechanical characterization of the structures.
    Trainee will have the opportunity to perform multidisciplinary work in state-of-the-art chemical laboratory, clean room and characterization facilities of LIST. He/she will have access to different processing techniques, such as inkjet printer and rapid thermal annealing, together with different characterization techniques, including scanning electron microscope, X-ray diffractometer, profilometer, spectrophotometer, ferroelectric and piezoelectric testers. ]]>
    Master student internship in Polymer chemistry and polymer processing (M/F)
    • Nano-particle dispersion
    • Nano-composite reactive modification and blending
    • Characterisation of the properties of the resulting materials
    • Potentially: ageing resistance characterization of those particle/polymer interfaces
    This internship will consist in exploring a new process consisting of connecting in tandem two extruders. Commodity polymers with large differences in viscosity will be evaluated (e.g. Polyesters and elastomers). Besides reactive comptabilization will be run.  
    Functional properties (mechanical, scratch resistance, etc.) shall be connected to physico-chemical structure using different techniques (e.g GPC, IRTF, DSC, TGA, molecular weight, etc.).
    Finally, a selection of potential applications for the best blends should be envisaged.  
    A presentation in English of results. ]]>
    Master Student Internship in Data Analysis and Visualisation in Smart Waste Collection Systems (M/F) The purpose of this internship is to retrieve and pre-process databases imported from a waste management company in order to analyse the current waste collection processes. The activities include the preparation of various datasets for efficient processing and analysis by cleaning and integrating them into a unified platform. During this internship, the selected student will have to:
    • Analyse spatial and temporal distributions of end-users’ needs in terms of waste collection. This will serve as a valuable input to schedule optimised collection paths.
    • Investigate and implement data anonymisation techniques and personal data protection issues.
    • Design a visualisation tool enabling a deeper data analysis (e.g. detection of periodic behaviours per customer and more generally customer characterisation/fingerprint based on temporal distribution of waste collection needs).
    • Perform initial deployment and test of ultrasonic sensors that will be used to monitor in real-time the fill-level of smart bins.
    Master Student Internship in Graphical Interface for a composite material software (M/F) Heterogeneous composite material consists of a matrix filled with one or several heterogeneities to enhance its intrinsic properties (mechanical, electrical, thermal, etc.). Composite with desired properties can be achieved simply by controlling the distribution, shape and orientation of the heterogeneities within the matrix. LIST researchers have created a toolbox combining imaging tools and techniques with numerical mechanics methods to virtually create composite materials with tailored physical and mechanical properties. The programming was done in Python and a rudimentary graphical interface was realized with the module Tkinter. The Mahotas and Mayavi libraries are used for image analysis and visualization. The student will develop a user-friendly graphical interface. Visualization of 3D objects will therefore be an important aspect of the work. Project plan:
    • Task1: Understand the existing structural scheme of the python code towards possible reorganization of the code structure (1 month)
    • Task2: Develop a user-friendly graphical interface (4 months)
    • Task3: Final report
    Expected outcomes:
    • Student will get familiar with advanced methods for software graphical interfaces development and visualization tools
    • User-friendly graphical interface
    Master Student Internship in Design of hybrid films by means of spray/casting technology (M/F) The major aim of this internship will be to develop and use a totally new spray/casting technique allowing for the deposition of noble metals, oxides nanomaterials and complexes, allowing to design new conducting and transparent low cost electrodes for electronic. We will research on the parameter space for the spraying of nanomaterials, and to tune the composition and spraying design to achieve robust and highly efficient electrode performance. Parameter space that needs fine-tuning include porosity, interconnectivity, mechanical strength, etc. ]]> Master Student Internship in Realisation of a characterization bench and optimization rules for an Energy harvester (M/F) We currently running a project which we’re looking at the realization of new nanotechnology based generators. The mechanisms by which the energy is collected are based on effects such as piezoelectricity, photoelectricity, thermoelectricity, electromagnetism and triboelectricity. Thus, for the sake of innovative solution that offers an optimal performance, it is vital to characterize properly this new devices. The realisation tasks will make use of instrumentation, data acquisition software, data treatments and mechanical parts design. These assembly will serve to the realization of an innovative prototype. The several outputs of the energy harvester prototype will deserve very specific data treatment with the implementation of test matrices and correlation algorithms to obtain optimization rules. ]]> Master Student Internship in Vibrating energy harvesters with piezoelectric films (M/F)
    Application wise, we are interested in vibrating energy harvesters based on piezoelectric materials. These devices are of strong interest regarding autonomous wireless sensor networks.

    The purpose of this internship will be the electrical and mechanical characterizations of LIST energy harvesters based on our technology. The specific characterization tools are an impedance analyzer, a vibrometer, a piezoelectric set-up and an in-house energy harvesting platform. Inkjet printing fabrication technology could also be developed during this internship according to the candidate motivation for an optimized version of energy harvesters. ]]>
    Master Student Internship in Nanowires density calculation based on SEM pictures: basic approach and automated processing with image processing software (M/F) Silver nanowires (Ag NWs) networks are emerging as one of the most promising alternatives to indium tin oxide (ITO) for transparent electrodes in flexible electronic devices. They can be used in a variety of optoelectronic applications such as solar cells, touch panels and organic light emitting diodes. Ag NWs are cheaper to fabricate than ITO and can be fast deposited as networks with spray method. In order to understand the effect of spray parameters on Ag NWs networks conductivity and transparency, the NWs density has to be determined thanks to scanning electron microscopy image analysis

    The goal of this internship will be to investigate computer and mathematical methods to determined Ag NWs density with aspect ratio (AR) above 1000 (AR=L/D where L is NWs length and D is NWs diameter), where a challenge occurs when considering interconnected NWs. The trainee will start by analysing existing plugins for the Image J image processing software, as well as modifying existing plugins and programming automated processing routines. He/she will also investigate mathematical approaches based on the NWs geometry in order to simplify the programming challenges.

    Master Student Internship in Planar mm-wave waveguides based on polar oxide dieletrics (M/F)
    Application wise, we are interested in transmission lines based on ferroelectric materials. These devices are of strong interest regarding autonomous wireless sensor networks.
    The purpose of this internship is the design and testing of mm-wave coplanar waveguide structures based on our technology. The design is based on the Comsol simulation software platform, the main characterization tool is the VNA/probe station setup. Inkjet printing fabrication technology could also be improved during this internship according to the candidate motivation. ]]>