Radar multispectral and polarimetric signature of rice fields: An investigation on the double bounce mechanism in flooded vegetation


N. Pierdicca, L. Pulvirenti, G. Boni, G. Squicciarino, and M. Chini


in 37th Annual IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2017, Fort Worth, United States; 23-28 July, International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), vol. 2017-July, art. no. 8128184, pp. 5245-5248, 2017


In this paper we investigate the double bounce enhancement due to standing water in flooded agricultural fields to assess the capability of an X-band radar to recognize the presence of floodwater under vegetation. The investigation was carried out by analyzing a polarimetric and multifrequency SAR dataset (COSMO-SkyMed, Alos-2, Radarsat-2) collected over the Vercelli district in North Italy, characterized by a widespread and intense cultivation of rice crop, were the fields were routinely artificially flooded and dried according to the agricultural practice. The investigation demonstrated that in July, when rice is well developed, high backscatter in X-band was observed in fields were the L-band polarimetric data recognized the double bounce return. The presence of a double bounce scattering enhancement at X-band was then established. At C-band the dihedral type of return was not clearly recognized because of the smaller incidence angle of Radarsat-2 acquisitions.



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