Dopant-additive synergism enhances perovskite solar modules


Ding B., Ding Y., Peng J., Romano-deGea J., Frederiksen L.E.K., Kanda H., Syzgantseva O.A., Syzgantseva M.A., Audinot J.N., Bour J., Zhang S., Wirtz T., Fei Z., Dörflinger P., Shibayama N., Niu Y., Hu S., Zhang S., Tirani F.F., Liu Y., Yang G.J., Brooks K., Hu L., Kinge S., Dyakonov V., Zhang X., Dai S., Dyson P.J., Nazeeruddin M.K.


Nature, vol. 628, n° 8007, pp. 299-305, 2024


Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) are among the most promising photovoltaic technologies owing to their exceptional optoelectronic properties1,2. However, the lower efficiency, poor stability and reproducibility issues of large-area PSCs compared with laboratory-scale PSCs are notable drawbacks that hinder their commercialization3. Here we report a synergistic dopant-additive combination strategy using methylammonium chloride (MACl) as the dopant and a Lewis-basic ionic-liquid additive, 1,3-bis(cyanomethyl)imidazolium chloride ([Bcmim]Cl). This strategy effectively inhibits the degradation of the perovskite precursor solution (PPS), suppresses the aggregation of MACl and results in phase-homogeneous and stable perovskite films with high crystallinity and fewer defects. This approach enabled the fabrication of perovskite solar modules (PSMs) that achieved a certified efficiency of 23.30% and ultimately stabilized at 22.97% over a 27.22-cm2 aperture area, marking the highest certified PSM performance. Furthermore, the PSMs showed long-term operational stability, maintaining 94.66% of the initial efficiency after 1,000 h under continuous one-sun illumination at room temperature. The interaction between [Bcmim]Cl and MACl was extensively studied to unravel the mechanism leading to an enhancement of device properties. Our approach holds substantial promise for bridging the benchtop-to-rooftop gap and advancing the production and commercialization of large-area perovskite photovoltaics.



Share this page: