Four-dimensional-STEM analysis of the phyllosilicate-rich matrix of Ryugu samples


Mouloud B.e., Jacob D., de la Peña F., Marinova M., Le Guillou C., Viennet J.C., Laforet S., Leroux H., Teurtrie A., Noguchi T., Matsumoto T., Miyake A., Igami Y., Haruta M., Saito H., Hata S., Seto Y., Miyahara M., Tomioka N., Ishii H.A., Bradley J.P., Ohtaki K.K., Dobrica E., Langenhorst F., Harries D., Beck P., Phan T.H.V., Rebois R., Abreu N.M., Gray J., Zega T., Zanetta P.M., Thompson M.S., Stroud R., Burgess K., Cymes B.A., Bridges J.C., Hicks L., Lee M.R., Daly L., Bland P.A., Zolensky M.E., Frank D.R., Martinez J., Tsuchiyama A., Yasutake M., Matsuno J., Okumura S., Mitsukawa I., Uesugi K., Uesugi M., Takeuchi A., Sun M., Enju S., Takigawa A., Michikami T., Nakamura T., Matsumoto M., Nakauchi Y., Abe M., Nakazawa S., Okada T., Saiki T., Tanaka S., Terui F., Yoshikawa M., Miyazaki A., Nakato A., Nishimura M., Usui T., Yada T., Yurimoto H., Nagashima K., Kawasaki N., Sakamotoa N., Okazaki R., Yabuta H., Naraoka H., Sakamoto K., Tachibana S., Watanabe S.i., Tsuda Y.


Meteoritics and Planetary Science, 2024


Ryugu asteroid grains brought back to the Earth by the Hayabusa2 space mission are pristine samples containing hydrated minerals and organic compounds. Here, we investigate the mineralogy of their phyllosilicate-rich matrix with four-dimensional scanning transmission electron microscopy (4D-STEM). We have identified and mapped the mineral phases at the nanometer scale (serpentine, smectite, pyrrhotite), observed the presence of Ni-bearing pyrrhotite, and identified the serpentine polymorph as lizardite, in agreement with the reported aqueous alteration history of Ryugu. Furthermore, we have mapped the d-spacings of smectite and observed a broad distribution of values, ranging from 1 to 2 nm, with an average d-spacing of 1.24 nm, indicating significant heterogeneity within the sample. Such d-spacing variability could be the result of either the presence of organic matter trapped in the interlayers or the influence of various geochemical conditions at the submicrometer scale, suggestive of a range of organic compounds and/or changes in smectite crystal chemistry.



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