In situ investigation of an organic micro-globule and its mineralogical context within a Ryugu “sand” grain


Phan V.T.H., Beck P., Rebois R., Quirico E., Noguchi T., Matsumoto T., Miyake A., Igami Y., Haruta M., Saito H., Hata S., Seto Y., Miyahara M., Tomioka N., Ishii H.A., Bradley J.P., Ohtaki K.K., Dobrică E., Leroux H., Le Guillou C., Jacob D., de la Peña F., Laforet S., Marinova M., Langenhorst F., Harries D., Abreu N.M., Gray J., Zega T., Zanetta P.M., Thompson M.S., Stroud R., Mathurin J., Dazzi A., Dartois E., Engrand C., Burgess K., Cymes B.A., Bridges J.C., Hicks L., Lee M.R., Daly L., Bland P.A., Zolensky M.E., Frank D.R., Martinez J., Tsuchiyama A., Yasutake M., Matsuno J., Okumura S., Mitsukawa I., Uesugi K., Uesugi M., Takeuchi A., Sun M., Enju S., Takigawa A., Michikami T., Nakamura T., Matsumoto M., Nakauchi Y., Abe M., Nakazawa S., Okada T., Saiki T., Tanaka S., Terui F., Yoshikawa M., Miyazaki A., Nakato A., Nishimura M., Usui T., Yada T., Yurimoto H., Nagashima K., Kawasaki N., Sakamotoa N., Hoppe P., Okazaki R., Yabuta H., Naraoka H., Sakamoto K., Tachibana S., Watanabe S.i., Tsuda Y.


Meteoritics and Planetary Science, 2024


The Hayabusa2 mission from the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) returned to the Earth samples of carbonaceous asteroid (162173) Ryugu. This mission offers a unique opportunity to investigate in the laboratory samples from a C-type asteroid, without physical or chemical alteration by the terrestrial atmosphere. Here, we report on an investigation of the mineralogy and the organo-chemistry of Hayabusa2 samples using a combination of micro- and nano-infrared spectroscopy. Particles investigated with conventional FTIR spectroscopy have spectra dominated by phyllosilicate-related absorption, as observed for samples of CI-chondrites, selected ungrouped carbonaceous chondrites, and selected hydrated micrometeorites. Ryugu samples show smaller sulfate-related absorption than CI-chondrites. Our samples that were only briefly exposed to the Earth atmosphere show absorptions related to molecular water, revealing fast terrestrial contamination of the spectral signature at 3 μm. Overall, our FTIR data are in agreement with other work done on Ryugu samples, revealing a low degree of mineralogical variability across Ryugu samples. AFM-IR mapping of the grains shows the presence of a micrometer-sized organic globule in one of our analyzed grains. The AFM-IR spectra obtained on this globule are similar to IR spectra obtained on IOM suggesting that it is constituted of refractory organic matter. This globule may host silicate in its interior, with a different mineralogy than bulk Ryugu phyllosilicate. The shape, presence of peculiar silicate, and the nature of organic constituting the globule point toward a pre-accretionary origin of this globule and that at least part of Ryugu organics were inherited from the protosolar nebulae or the interstellar media. Altogether, our results show the similarities between Ryugu samples and CI chondrites.



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