Nutritional composition and antioxidant properties of the sim fruit (Rhodomyrtus tomentosa)
T. N. H. Lai, C. André, H. Rogez, E. Mignolet, T. B. T. Nguyen, and Y. Larondelle
Food Chemistry, vol. 168, pp. 410-416, 2015
In this study, detailed chemical properties of sim (Rhodomyrtus tomentosa (Ait.) Hassk.) fruit including nutritional composition, phenolic content and antioxidant capacity were determined for the first time. A 150 g serving of sim fruit contained high levels of dietary fibre (69.94–87.43% of Recommended Daily Intake (RDI)), α-tocopherol (38.90–51.87% RDI), manganese (>100% RDI), and copper (44.44% RDI) but low levels of protein (2.63% RDI), lipid (1.59–3.5% RDI), and sugars (5.65% RDI). The predominant fatty acid in the sim fruit sample was linoleic acid (75.36% of total fatty acids). Interestingly, total phenolics (49.21 ± 0.35 mg gallic acid equivalent (GAE)/g dry weight (DW)) were particularly high and resulted in a high antioxidant capacity (431.17 ± 14.56 μmol Trolox equivalent (TE)/g DW). These results, together with our recent discovery of high amount of piceatannol, a stilbene with potent biological activities, highlight the potential of sim, an under-utilised plant species from South–East Asia, as a new source of health-promoting compounds including dietary fibres, essential fatty acids, and phenolic compounds.