Structure conformational and rheological characterisation of alfalfa seed (Medicago sativa L.) galactomannan



T. Hellebois, C. Soukoulis, X. Xu, J.-F. Hausman, A. Shaplov, P.S. Taoukis, and C. Gaiani


Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 256, art. no. 117394, 2021


In the present work a galactomannan extract of low protein residue (< 1.3 % wt dry basis) was isolated from alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) seed endosperm meal. The alfalfa gum (AAG) comprised primarily mannose and galactose at a ratio of 1.18:1, had a molecular weight of 2 x 10(6) Da and a radius of gyration of 48.7 nm. The average intrinsic viscosity of the dilute AAG dispersions calculated using the modified Mark-Houwink, Huggins and Kraemer equations was 9.33 dLg(-1) at 25 degrees C. The critical overlap concentration was estimated at 0.306 % whereas the concentration dependence of specific viscosity for the dilute and semi-dilute regimes was proportional to C-2.3 and C-4.2, respectively. The compliance to the Cox-Merz rule was satisfied at 1% of AAG, whereas a departure from superimposition was observed at higher concentrations. Viscoelasticity measurements demonstrated that AAG dispersions exhibit a predominant viscous character at 1 % wt, whereas a weak gel-like behaviour was reached at AAG concentrations >= 3 %.



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