Isocyanate-free fully biobased star polyester-urethanes: Synthesis and thermal properties
B. Quienne, N. Kasmi, R. Dieden, S. Caillol, and Y. Habibi
Biomacromolecules, vol. 21, no. 5, p. 1943-1951, 2020
A green strategy for the synthesis of nonisocyanate polyester-urethanes (NIPHEUs) was developed. These NIPHEUs were synthesized by step growth polymerization combining sugar-derived dimethyl-2.,5-furan dicarboxylate (DMFD) with polyhydroxylurethanes (PHUs) adducts bearing four hydroxyl groups. The later hydroxyl urethane tetraols (HU-tetraols) building blocks were prepared by aminolysis of glycerol carbonate with two different aliphatic diamines having different chain lengths, 8 and 12 carbons. Qualitative and quantitative NMR analyses of the HU-tetraols showed the presence of primary and secondary hydroxyl moieties at different ratios. Hence, in the polycondensation stage, the stoichiometry of the diester was varied from 1 to 6 equiv in order to tailor the structural features of the prepared NIPHEUs. The success of the chain extension through polycondensation was confirmed by FTIR and NMR analyses. Thermal analyses of these new polymers demonstrated satisfactory thermal stability, with onset degradation temperatures ranging from 170 to 220 degrees C where the main first degradation stage occurs. Their melting temperatures ranged between 93 and 110 degrees C and seem to be driven by the thermal behavior of HU-tetraol monomers. Surprisingly, preliminary results from thermal analyses revealed the occurrence of a striking thermal change in the NIPHEUs upon repetitive heating cycles. This behavior may be related to a thermal-induced bond exchange probably driven by transcarbamoylation reaction. Such interesting vitrimer-like behavior for this new type of NIPHEUs would be unique and should be confirmed by a deeper study before leading to a new range of functional green materials.