Industrial biotechnology is the convergence of numerous scientific and engineering disciplines to provide biocatalysts and bioprocesses for the production of a wide variety of goods. It offers a new sustainable approach to manufacturing of materials, chemicals and energy from renewable resources, enabling the so-called circular bio-economy. To this end, the European Union (EU) has recognised Industrial Biotechnology as a key enabling technology (KET) for its economic sustainability.
Natural biological resources are crucial for our economic system, but they are increasingly overexploited for the provision of food, materials and energy. Therefore, industrial biotechnology is intrinsically linked to environmental biotechnology, which aims to prevent, arrest and reverse environmental degradation through the appropriate use of biotechnology in symbiosis with other technologies.